Midterm Study Guide (Core 300)
Study items for Intro and Presocratics:
Know the etymological definition of philosophy.
Philo = love
Sophia = Wisdom
Philo+Sophia = love of wisdom
Be able to explain the basic subdivisions of philosophy and list some questions that arise in each subdivision. 517207517462500331470015494000195262514605000METAPHISICSEPISTEMOLOGYVALUE THEORY
THE STUDY OF ULTIMATE REALITY THE STUDY OF KNOWLEDGETHE STUDY OF VALUE OR—What’s really real!Moral Theory of Ethics--Aesthetics Individual Ethics—Political Philosophy
State the Rationalist Credo.
THE UNIVERSE IS ORDERLY-THE UNIVERSE IS KNOWABLE—THE UNIVERSE IS KNOWN BEST BY REASON State the Traditional Analysis of Knowledge.
JTB- TRUTH, BELIEF, AND JUSTIFICATION ARE INDIVIDUALLY NECCASSARY AND TOGETHER SUFFUCIENT FOR KNOWLEDGE. ALL THE INDIVIDUAL ELEMENTS ARE REQUIRED FOR KNOWLEDGE. IF WE ARE MISSING ONE ELEMENT, WE DON’T HAVE KNOWLEDGE. WHEN THEY ARE TOGETHER, WE HAVE KNOWLEDGE Name some of the sources of knowledge claimed by the Standard View of knowledge. SENSE PERCEPTION
REVELATION FROM GOD
Explain the Presocratics’ shift away from mythological understandings of reality.
What are the so-called “four elements” commonly discussed in Presocratic philosophy? Why are these elements important? EARTH
Study items for Plato:
Explain the concept of Socratic wisdom.
EVEN THOUGH I KNOW NOTHING AT LEAST I KNOW THAT I KNOW NOTHING Explain Plato’s attempt to reconcile Heraclitus and Parmenides on the topic of change. DUALISM BOTH HERACLITUS AND PARMENIDES ARE EQUALLY WRONG ANF EQUALLY RIGHT…THE PHYSICAL WORLD AMD TRHE WORLD OF THE FORMS. Give the definition of “Forms.”
THE ETERNAL UNCHANGING IDEAS WHICH LIE BEHINDTHE CHANGING, TEMPURAL, PHYSICAL WORLD. Explain Plato’s Myth of the Cave, and explain (in a very basic way) what the Myth is supposed to illustrate. Explain what the example...
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