Allegory of the Cave 29

Topics: Free will, Jean-Paul Sartre, Henry David Thoreau Pages: 4 (1541 words) Published: October 15, 2007
Human Freedom
Freedom in mind, freedom in nature, and freedom in subjectivity of individual are three kinds of freedoms. However, freedom should be expressed within the limits of reason and morality. Having freedom equals having the power to think, to speak, and to act without externally imposed restrains. As a matter of fact, finding freedom in order to live free is the common idea in Plato with "The Allegory of the Cave"; Henry David Thoreau with " Where I lived and What I lived for"; and Jean Paul Sartre with " Existentialism". Generally, Plato, Thoreau, and Sartre suggested that human life should be free. They differ in what that freedom is. Plato thinks it is found in the world of intellect, Thoreau thinks freedom is found in nature, and Sartre thinks freedom is found in subjectivity of individual. Plato found freedom in the world of intellect. Let's take a look at his quote: "The prison house is the world of sight, the light of fire is the sun, and you will not misapprehend me if you interpret, the journey upwards to be ascent of the soul into the intellectual world according to my poor belief, which, at your desire, I have expressed- whether rightly or wrongly god knows." According to Plato, "the prison house" is an endless dark cave for prisoners who were unable to turn from darkness to light. It is also the place where they could see the shadow of the real world. "Sight", of course, becomes an abstract word in this quote. Its universal definition is the ability to see or the act of seeing thing. In other words, using the conceptual primitives which reduce the complex meaning to its core form "sight" redefined as, to see with eyes. In Indo- European, the root word of sight is sekw-2 .The concrete word of sight is spectacle which means something that can be seen or view, especially something of a remarkable or impressive nature. Something can be seen or view is the darkness and the shadow of the real world they open their eyes, and something of a...
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