November 8, 2014
Plato’s theory of government
Plato opposes the democracy and he believes that people are not rational enough equally because he believes that if the majority is determining the government, it would not maximise their happiness or well-being, because the majority is simply not rational. He also thinks that the majority should not govern the population, but a very small minority of rational people who have been trained and who have received philosophical training that qualifies them to rule. He also developed 4 theories proving and supporting his theory: first of all, he says that ruling is a skilled profession, such as a doctor, a lawyer, so it requires a specific training. Secondly, he has a specific idea of what the training should be: first of all, it will consist of selecting the people who seem to have a judgement and a potential of ruling. Then, the selected candidates will have to go through 5 years of studying philosophy, starting at 30 years old, after that they are heading to do 15 years of military services to teach them discipline and develop their sense of patriotism. Then, at around 50 years old, more philosophy and it is only at that time that the best candidates will be chosen by previous rulers and their counselors. Furthermore, the qualified to undergo this preparation and to rule are, in Plato’s opinion, the small minority of people in whom the rational part of the mind is naturally the strongest and controls the willing and desiring parts of the mind. The majority, on the other hand, are oriented in satisfying other people’s desires, especially for goods and services, they don’t understand the requirement of ruling. They are even denying their existence. Finally, to ensure that the chosen ones do not become corrupt and rule for the public good, Plato says that the rulers won’t own any private property, and that...
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