child labour in India

Topics: Childhood, Human rights, Employment Pages: 6 (1953 words) Published: December 29, 2013
1.The UNCRC was instituted in 1991 to specifically counter this abuse

2. Are highly detrimental to their welfare
3. in certain particular context, work formed a part of the training process of the child and prepared him for adult life and did not involve exploitation. ( Weiner, M. 1991)

4. In India there is law that children under the age of 18 should not work but, there is no outright ban on child labor, and the practice is generally permitted in most industries except those deemed "hazardous". Although a law in October 2006 banned child labor in hotels, restaurants, and as domestic servants, there continues to be high demand for children as hired help in the home. Current estimates as to the number of child laborers in the country range from the government's conservative estimate of 12 million children under 13 years of age to the much higher estimates of children's rights activists, which hover around 60 million.

5. India has no outright ban on child labor, and had long allowed the employment of children under 14 in all but what are deemed "hazardous" occupations.( New York times) Young children are in as great a demand as ever as maids and nannies. "Because of the booming economy and the spread of the nuclear family, we've seen a rise in demand for domestic help, at a time when it's becoming more expensive to employ people," said Surina Rajan of the International Labor Organization. "So families are looking for a cheaper option." They list the advantages of sending a child into service: The child, they promise, will do a bit of light housework, learn city ways, which will enhance her marriage prospects, and send back monthly earnings. Often recruiters are met with gratitude. Despite reports of abuse of children by employers and the failure of agents to send back the children's wages, parents remain susceptible to the agents' key argument that sending the child away to work will guarantee them a better life than staying in the village. ( Gentleman, Amelia (18 February 2007)."Children's domestic labor resists India's legal efforts". The New York Times..)

6. The first question parents ask at the birth of the child, in all society all over the world, is always the same – “is it a boy or girl”.  Even in the 21st Century the blessing with a female baby hardly brings cordial happiness in the majority of the Indian society. (http://www.mightylaws.in/433/save-girl-child)

7.NO / For instance, the act does nothing
to protect children engaged in unrecognized labour
activities, which are very common in India. In almost all
Indian industries, females are unrecognized labourers
because they are seen as helpers and not workers.
Therefore, the law does not protect females. We also find that like rural females, urban females also shared more of the domestic burden than
urban males in both age groups. Child
labour was more common in rural areas and among
females in rural areas for both the age groups. ( Aggarwal)

8. NO The Act, by and large, seeks to prohibit
child labour in certain occupations and processes and regulate working conditions in other areas of work. The law does not ban child labour if rendered for one’s own family in those areas of occupations and processes that have been prohibited by the Act. Likewise, it has no purview over regulating the conditions of work if children are engaged to work by the family or in the household.

This takes the form of regulating the number of hours
that a child can be made to work continuously and the number of days of continuous employment. Even here, children working for their own family are not to be regulated. Significantly, children working as part of family labour fall outside the scope of the Act.

9. NO Limitation. 1) There are a number of ‘loopholes’ which make the law ineffective. For instance, children working as part of family labour are exempt from the purview of the Act. Given the dispersed nature of work, all sorts of child labour is...
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