Development of framework for establishment of end-of-life vehicles management system in Malaysia Review and research direction

Topics: Automotive industry, Recycling, Automobile Pages: 10 (2511 words) Published: January 14, 2014
Development of framework for establishment of endof-life vehicles management system in Malaysia: review and research direction
Tengku Nur Azila Raja Mamat*, Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman, Safian Sharif Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
*Email: tengkunurazila_mpc@yahoo.com
Abstract— The disposal of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) is a high concern to achieve sustainable development in any country.
Maximizing recovery and recycling rates of ELVs is aimed to be achieved by the stakeholders to reduce environmental impacts and to increase on the road safety. Lately, ELV management has been established extensively in developed nations to create an appropriate recycling system using the best available

technologies. For European Union (EU), the End-of-Life Vehicle Directive has passed laws to the member countries to reuse and recover 85% by weight of the average vehicle in year 2006 and this percentage is expected to increase to 95% by year 2015. In Malaysia, after the establishment of National Car Project (NCP) in 1985, the automotive industry has grown tremendously in

terms of technology and innovation. The National Automotive
Policy (NAP) has been established to ensure that the NCP
progresses successfully in line with the competitive demand. However, the NAP in Malaysia has not dealt with the
environmental issues related to the automotive industry
development. To date, directive or legislation on end-of-life vehicles for the automotive industry has not been established. A recent review of the NAP has imposed the ban of importing used automotive parts (effective June 2011) and gradual introduction of ELV policy, as to promote safety and create an

environmentally sound management of automotive industry.
This research is undertaken to study the feasibility and
requirement in development of the framework for establishment of ELV management system in Malaysia.

I. INTRODUCTION
A.

Background of Research
The development of manufacturing sectors around the
globe is very impressive with the introduction of new
technologies and innovation, so as to gain higher productivity and quality products. However, most manufacturers take into
consideration of a product life cycle from conceptual design up to planning for use, and only little attention is given to the planning for retirement [1]. Same situation goes to automotive industry, in which every year millions of car have reached

their retirement, but there is no proper treatment of those

vehicles. As a result, issues related to waste disposal arose tremendously, and the unused vehicles were left without
environmentally sound management, which in turn may cause
emission of pollutant. In European Union, recycling system
only been established when there was major problem caused
by the retired vehicles.
Recently in Malaysia, there is no specific data on the
number of ELVs since a standard system for ELVs
deregistration is not exist. For the owners, as long as they can start the car engine and it can bring them to their destination, they will still use the car until they reach a very old age. Inadvertently, old aged vehicles not only pollute the

environment but also very dangerous to the owners. However,
Malaysia still has stacks of unused vehicles that require
necessary treatment. This leads to automotive recycling to
exist for a long period of time before, which is driven by
market demand. According to Mat Saman, players of
recycling activity include the collectors, dismantlers,
shredders, material recyclers, spare part dealers and
workshops [2]. Currently, recycling of ELVs is being
practiced by 5000 small companies bound under associations
such as Malaysia Automotive Recyclers Association
(MAARA).
MITI reported that in 2009, there are 2.7 million passenger
vehicles of age 10 years and above in Malaysia, but vehicle
scrap rate is very low as compared to other countries. Thus, automotive industry...

References: Dieter, G. E. (2000). Engineering Design: A Materials and Processing
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[2] Mat Saman, M. Z. (2006). Framework for End-of-life Vehicles (ELVs)
Recycling Systems in Malaysia, Unpublished.
[3] Azmi, M. (2012). Framework for End-of-life Recycling System in
Malaysia, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai
[4] Directive 2000/53/EC of The European Parliament and of Council on
end-of life vehicles (2000)
[5] Mat Saman, M. Z., & Blount, G. (2006). End of Life Vehicles
Recovery: Process Description, Its Impact and Direction of Research,
[7] MAA. (2012a). Manufacturing & Assembly Plant. Retrieved 23 May,
2012, from http://www.maa.org.my/listing_map.htm
[8] MAA. (2012b). Summary of Sales & Production Data. Retrieved 23
May, 2012, from http://www.maa.org.my/info_summary.htm
[9] MITI. (2009). Review of National Automotive Policy
[10] Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia
10 Mar, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SWOT_analysis
[11] Koo, H., Chau, K.Y., Koo, L.C., Liu, S., & Tsui, S.C
[12] Ommani, A.R. (2011). Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and
Threats (SWOT) Analysis for Farming System Businesses
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