Dialogue between Plato and Aristotle(c. 428–347 B.C.E.)
“Beauty is the example of a form; beauty is not something that you can encounter directly in the physical world like an object such as a tree or horse. A tree or a horse may or may not be beautiful, but beauty meets with objects. Beauty does not stand alone, but it accompanies objects in the physical world”, said Plato. “Form determines what a thing is and in combination with matter is to have a thing”, replied Aristotle. “Form is not something that can be seen, yet is something one experiences”, said Plato. Aristotle said, “One must ask the following questions: What is the thing? In other words what makes up the thing? Next one must ask what is the thing made of? What type of material does the form consist of? What made it? Or who made the form? The final question one must ask of the form is what purpose does it serve? What was the form made to do?” Plato responds, “Forms are ever changing and eternal. Beauty is beauty today; beauty is beauty tomorrow; beauty of a tree and beauty of a horse has the same meaning yet the only difference is the object”. Aristotle replies, “The different kinds of imperfect, changing beings in terms of possibility and actuality. At one extreme is matter, which consists only of possibility. Matter, must be moved because it cannot move or form itself”. Plato said, Forms are unmoving and indivisible. Indeed, what sense would it make even to suppose that they might move or be physically divided?” Aristotle argues, “Forms can be universal, and apply to different objects and have the same meaning”. Aristotle argues, “Things are known through sense experience things through reasoning.” For example, things are defined with through similarity to other things.” Plato argues, “The idea that knowledge may be equated with sense perception. Knowledge is dependent upon one’s perception of knowledge. Knowledge can be interpreted differently by individuals”. I agree...
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