Monetary Policy

Topics: Monetary policy, Inflation, Central bank Pages: 3 (626 words) Published: March 12, 2014
Monetary policy is the process by which the Monetary authority of a country controls the supply of money, often targeting a rate of interest for the purpose of promoting economic growth and stability. Fiscal Policy is government spending policies that influence macroeconomic conditions. These policies affect tax rates, interest rates and government spending, in an effort to control the economy. How is the Monetary Policy different from the Fiscal Policy? The Monetary Policy regulates the supply of money and the cost and availability of credit in the economy. It deals with both the lending and borrowing rates of interest for commercial banks. The Monetary Policy aims to maintain price stability, full employment and economic growth. The Fiscal Policy can be used to overcome recession and control inflation. It may be defined as a deliberate change in government revenue and expenditure to influence the level of national output and prices. INSTRUMENTS OF MONETARY POLICY

1. Bank Rate of Interest
2. Cash Reserve Ratio
3. Statutory Liquidity Ratio
4. Open market Operations
5. Margin Requirements
6. Deficit Financing
7. Issue of New Currency
8. Credit Control
Bank Rate of Interest
It is the interest rate which is fixed by the RBI to control the lending capacity of Commercial banks . During Inflation , RBI increases the bank rate of interest due to which borrowing power of commercial banks reduces which thereby reduces the supply of money or credit in the economy .When Money supply Reduces it reduces the purchasing power and thereby curtailing Consumption and lowering Prices. Cash Reserve Ratio

CRR, or cash reserve ratio, refers to a portion of deposits (as cash) which banks have to keep/maintain with the RBI. During Inflation RBI increases the CRR due to which commercial banks have to keep a greater portion of their deposits with the RBI . This serves two purposes. It ensures that a portion of bank deposits is totally risk-free and...
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