The Philosophies of Plato and Aristotle
Plato or Aristotle. What are the primary differences in the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle? Which philosophy might have been the better one to live by in that era? Give examples and details to support your argument. The likes of Plato and Aristotle have become the cornerstones of the worldview philosophical influences born by the Greeks. Born 428 BC in Athens, Plato had originally planned for a career in wrestling and later following in his families footsteps within their sphere of influence in the political world. During his formative years, Plato studied art and music, and had planned to compete in the Olympic games. Because of his large frame, Aristocles had dubbed himself “Platon”, which is Greek for “broad or flat.” (Dictionary.com) Plato later became acquainted with a wandering philosopher by the name of Socrates, who taught Plato to challenge conventional teachings, and to think differently. Socrates also challenged the youth to think the same way and to question authority’s teachings. Socrates’ belief in his unique philosophy led to his demise, as he was “executed in 399 BC for corrupting the youth.” (artofmanliness.com) The death of Plato’s friend and mentor, Socrates, had a profound impact on his emotional well-being, and became a definitive turning point in Plato’s life. Perhaps this significant event also played a role into why Plato’s philosophies focus on a more perfect world, or as many choose to believe, the heavens. Plato believed and taught that there was another, more perfect world outside of the one we live in; that we are all just imitations and lesser models of our more perfect selves. He also believed in a very definitive and strict system which categorized people based upon social classes, and subsequently designed his own “perfect system” of functionality, and a hierarchy of classes of people. He proposed this plan to the courts, and was denied and ultimately jailed as a result. An example...
Cited: Lawall, Sarah N., eds. The Norton Anthology Of Western Literature. New York : W.W. Norton, 2006. Print.
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