Philosophy 1 final

Topics: Philosophy, Soul, Plato Pages: 7 (1824 words) Published: May 18, 2015
Our Belief and Philosophy
(A) When philosophy was first introduced to me, I thought it was about the principle in which we live our life. I was almost right. The true definition of philosophy is “love of wisdom.” In other words, it is practicing through discussions and rhetoric of structural reasoning and rational thinking to gain knowledge and understanding of many fields of philosophies. Plato said “And the true philosophers and they only, study and are eager to release the soul. Is not the separation and release of the soul from the body their especial study (Plato p5)?” Exercising intellectual reasoning and knowledge is a difficult task but necessary in our lives and we must stress its importance to this study. There are multiple reasons why this type of practice is good for our understanding. It will enable us to better understand about good and evil, God, and many other questions. Additionally, philosophy will give insight on wisdom, and it could lead us to liberate our mind to keep all of our senses alive. Like Russell Bertrand explains “The knowledge it aims at is the kind of knowledge which gives unity and system to the body of the sciences, and the kind which results from a critical examinations of the grounds of our convictions, prejudices, and beliefs (Russell p1).” Further, philosophy will shape our knowledge and challenge our belief of an intellectual pursuit. In addition, the understanding of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, and Sartre will alter our belief and experiences in our everyday life. (B) Reading from Phaedo indicates that he laid a foundation for people to believe in and that the soul can exist even after death. Further, this type of thinking reflects a little on Christianity. When Plato discussed life and death, he is explaining that when there is life, there is also death and vice versa; further, we cannot separate the two. Consequently, this type of dualism touches on early Christianity, but was later modified for a better approach to the Christian teaching. Furthermore, in Plato’s Phaedo, he reflects much on mind, body and God. He said “In this present life, I reckon that we make the nearest approach to knowledge when we have the least possible concern or interest in the body, and are not saturated with the bodily nature, but remain pure until the hour when God himself is pleased to release us (Plato p4).” He must have a belief in God, because he talks about pure souls and how it could get easily corrupted by love, lust, and money. And when God appears before us, the soul will be purified. But he also talks of soul being pure and divine, and once the soul is released, she will go up to be with the Gods. According to Plato, “And then the foolishness of the body will be cleared away and we shall be pure and hold converse with other pure souls, and know of ourselves the clear light everywhere; and this is surely the light of truth. For no impure thing is allowed to approach the pure (Plato p4).” Additionally, this type of passage clearly indicates that this may have influence early philosopher to use Plato passage to adopt and to educate themselves on the meaning of having pure souls. (C) Aristotle was inspired by Platonism, and his philosophies are more on a logical and scientific approached. He explains that the soul is important and that it is essential. In addition, he believes that we need to take care of the soul. Further, he goes further to question the soul and said “it wants the character which is required to make its whatness or formulable essence a soul (Aristotle p6).” Also in this passage, the soul needs a body to give its essence. When Aristotle set up scientific discussion on the soul, he made a point of pointing out that “to attain any assured knowledge about the soul is one of the most difficult things in the world (Aristotle p1).” Studying on the soul provide us proof of its essential nature and our understanding of its...

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