Postmodern Trends in Philosophy Suggest a New Vision of God and Morality

Topics: Ethics, Postmodernism, Philosophy Pages: 38 (13630 words) Published: November 4, 2011
1.1 What is Postmodernism?
1.1.1 Origin of Postmodernism
1.1.2 Modernism Vs Postmodernism Postmodernity Begins where Modernity Ends Postmodernism is a Continuation of Modernism
1.1.3 Differentiating Postmodernism and Postmodernity
1.2 The Historical Development of Postmodernism
1.2.1 Martin Heidegger
1.2.2 Friedrich Nietzsche
1.3 Characteristics of Postmodernism
1.3.1 Shift of Emphasis A Move from Meta-narratives to Mini-narratives A Move to Question the Transparency of Language A Move to Question the Objectivity
1.3.2 Religion in the Postmodern Philosophy
1.4 Challenges Offered by Postmodernism
2.1 A Perusal of Modern Ethics
2.1.1 Universalism and its Discontents
2.1.2 Wittgenstein’s Denial of Ethical Propositions
2.2 Progression to Postmodern Ethics
2.2.1 Virtue Ethics: Focusing on Human Life Rather than Human Rules. 2.2.2 The ‘Will to Power’ of Nietzsche
2.3 Ethics of Postmodern Philosophers
2.3.1 Levinas: “An Ethics before Ethics” A Move from Totalization Recovery of Autonomy of Subjectivity Levinas’ Ethics as a Foundation for Radical Pluralism 2.3.2 Ethics of Jean-Francois Lyotard Demise of Grand Narrative The Differend
2.4 Characteristics of Postmodern Ethics
2.4.1 Postmodern Ethics: An Ethics without Ethical Code
2.4.2 Postmodern Ethics: An Ethics of Relativism
2.5 Postmodern Ethics: A Buddhist Response
2.5.1 Buddhist Ethics as Emotion
2.5.2 Buddhist Ethics on Basis of Motivations
2.5.3 Buddhist Ethics as Naturalistic
3.1 God in the Philosophical History
3.2.1 Greek Philosophy and Reason
3.2.2 Medieval Philosophy: A Combination of Faith and Reason 3.2.3 Modernity and Rationality
3.2.4 The Loss of Belief in God in the Modern World
3.3 Philosophy of Religion in the Postmodern World
3.4 Derrida: Religion without Religion
3.4.1 Deconstruction
3.4. 2 Derrida and Religion
3.5 Postmodern God: A God Beyond Description
3.6 Indescribability of God in Indian Philosophy
4.1 The World Today
4.1.1 The World Today: Globalization
4.1.2 The World Today: Over Emphasis of Science and Technology 4.2 Postmodernism: Need of the Time
4.2.1 Postmodern Ethics: A True Vision of Morality
4.2.2 Postmodern Vision of God: A True Vision of God
4.3 Drawbacks of Postmodernism
4.3.1 The Objectivity Questioned
4.3.2 Moral Relativism
4.3.3 The Problem of Ethical Undecidability
4.3.4 Critiques within Postmodernism

The contemporary world is advancing and developing at an incomprehensible speed. Technologies, fashion and new ideas appear at an ever increasing rate. Speed and time seems to shrink almost into a breakneck pace. And yet the most difficult task for every human being is to find meaning for his/her existence. The explosion of practical atheism and relativism seems to be adding oil to this fire. We can see many of the young people confused and lost in today’s world. The modernity has failed to provide a suitable answer to situations such as mentioned above. The human beings are in need of a new vision into the concepts of morality and God. Hence it was my interest to look at the possibilities that postmodernism offers in the concepts of God and Morality. So, in this paper I have examined the postmodern concepts of God and Morality and established, how instead of contradicting our faith and morality, the postmodern ideas would enable us to be more authentic in our day-to-day life.

This thesis titled, ‘Postmodern Trends in Philosophy Suggest a New Vision of God and Morality’ is divided...

Bibliography: Benedict XVI. Light of the World: The Pope, the Church, and the Sign of the Time A Conversation with Perter Seewald. Translated by Michael J. Miller, and Adrian J. Walker. Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010.
Blackburn, Simon. Ethics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Caputo, John D. Philosophy and Theology. Neshville: Abingdon Press, 2006.
Cobb, John B. Postmodernism and Public Policy: Reframing Religion, Culture, Education, Sexuality, Class, Race, Politics and the Economy. New York: State University of New York Press, 2002.
David, Ray Griffin. God and Religion in the Postmodern World: Essays in Postmodern Theology. New York: State University of New York Press, 1989.
David, Ray Griffin and Others. Founders of Constructive Postmodern Philosophy: Peirce, James, Bergson, Whitehead and Hartshorne. New York: The State University of New York Press, 1993.
Eagleton, Terry. The Illusions of Postmodernism. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.
Gabardi, Wayne. Negotiating Postmodernism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Grisez, Germain and Russell Shaw. Beyond the New Morality: The Responsibility of Freedom. 3rd ed. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1988.
Hahn, Stephen. On Derrida. Belmont: Wadsworth, 2002.
Hart, Kevin. Postmodernism: A Beginner’s Guide. Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2006.
Heidegger, Martin. An Introduction to Metaphysics. Translated by Ralph Manheim. New Heaven: Yale University Press, 1959.
Kalathikattil, Alex. Postmodernity, Globalization and the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Bangalore: Kristu Jyoti Publications, 2010.
Kearney, Richard and Mara Rainwater (eds.). The Continental Philosophy Reader. London: Routledge, 1998.
Kenny, Anthony (ed.). The Oxford History of Western Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Lawhead, William F. The Voyage of Discovery, A History of Western Philosophy. Belmont: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 1995.
Madhavananda, Swami. The Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad: With the Commentary of Śaṅkarācārya. Calcutta: Advaita Ashrama, 1993.
McDowell, Josh and Bob Hostetler. The New Tolerance. Carol Stream: Tyndale House, 1998.
Nietzsche Friedric. The Will to Power, Translated by Walter Kaufmann and R T Hollingdale. New York: Vintage Book, 1967.
Panthanmackel, George
Ricoeur, Paul. The Just. Translated by David Pellauer. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2000.
Sharma, Chandradhar. A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 1994.
Sivananda, Swami. Brahma Sūtras. 2nd ed. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.
Thompson, Mel
Ward, Graham (ed.). The Postmodern God: A Theological Reader. Carlton: Blackwell Publishing, 2004.
Warnock, Mary. Ethics Since 1900. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Edited by A. J. Ayer. Translated by D. F. Peares and B. F. McGuinness. London: Routledge and Kegand Paul, 1961.
Wolfreys, Julian. Derrida: A Guide for the Perplexed. London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2008.
Arun, Joe. “Death of Representation: A Postmodern Challenge.” Vidyajyothi: Journal of Theological Reflection, 71, n. 4 (April 2007): 260-270.
Bal, Ramakanta. “Wittgenstein on Relativism.” Indian Philosophy Quarterly, XXVIII, n.4 (October 2001): 497-506.
Carroll, David. “Lyotard, Jean-Francois.” Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 6: 8-12. London: Routledge, 1998.
Cutrofello, Andrew. “Derrida Jacques.” Routledge Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2: 896-901. London: Routledge, 1998.
David, Tracy. “On Naming the Present.” Concilium 1, (1990): 66-85.
Elampassery, Jose. “Postmodernism and Religion.” Satya Nilayam:Chennai Journal of Intercultural Philosophy. 12 (August 2007): 15-33.
Geroge, Seby K. “The Other’s Difference and Ethics of Pluralism in Levinas.” Journal of Dharma, 33, n. 3 (July-September 2008): 259-276.
Illathuparampil, Mathew. “Reviewing the Postmodernism.” Vidyajyothi: Journal of Theological Reflection, 65, n. 8 (August 2001): 606-620.
Irudayadason, Nishant A. “Ethics Postmodern.” ACPI Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 1: 471-475. Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010.
Kachappilly, Kurian. “A Theodicy for the Postmodern Age.” Journal of Dharma, XXVII, n. 4 (October-December 2002): 460-481.
Kadankavil, Thomas. “Ethics (Western).” ACPI Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 1: 475-482. Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010.
Kakkattuthadathil, Tomy Paul. “The Philosophy of Religion from Emmanuel Levinas to Immanuel Kant.” The Living Word, 110, n. 2 (March-April 2004): 81-95.
Kalary, Thomas. “An Ethics before an Ethics: Levinas Awakening to the Otherness of the Other and its Contemporary Relevance.” Suvidya:Jouranl of Philosophy and Religion, 3, n. 2 (December 2009): 17-28.
Kamal, Muhammad. “Heidegger and the Transition to Postmodernity.” Indian Philosophical Quarterly, XXIX, n.1 (January 2002), 47-55.
Kollar, Nathan R. “Virtue Ethics.” In International Encyclopaedia of Ethics, ed. John K. Roth, 915-916. London: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1995.
Mannath, Joe. “Postmodernism: A General Introduction.” In The Postmodern…: A Siege of the Citadel of Reason, ed. Johnson J. Puthenpurakal, 31-49. Delhi: Media House, 2002.
Mascarenhas, Sidney J. “Levinas and Interpretations.” Divyadaan: Journal of Philosophy and Education, 16, n. 1 (2005): 79-92.
Menamparampil, Thomas. “Values that will Save the Human Race, I.” Vidyajyothi: Journal of Theological Reflection, 47, n. 10 (October 2010): 727-743.
Nayen, A. T. “Lyotard’s Postmodern Ethics and the Normative Question.” Philosophy Today, 42, n. 4 (1998): 411-417.
Padiyath, Thomas. “Modern Trends in Philosophy: Separation of Philosophy and Religion or Metaphysics and Religion in the West.” The Living Word, 110, n. 2 (March-April 2010): 100-121.
Patrick, Manu. “Postmodernism: An Alternative Context for Education.” Divyadaan: Journal of Philosophy and Education, 13, n. 2 (2002): 191-198.
_________. “Transition to the Postmodern: Nietzsche and Heidegger.” In The Postmodern …: A Siege of the Citadel of Reason, ed. Johnson J. Puthenpurakal, 14-30. Delhi: Media House, 2002.
Sahoo, Jayanti Priyadarshini. “Understanding Postmodernism.” Indian Philosophical Quarterly. XXXII, n. 1-2 (January/April 2005): 49-57.
Sebastian, Sekar S. “Ethical Foundations of Consciousness in Emmanuel Levinas.” Suvidya: Journal of Philosophy and Religion, 3, n.1 (June 2009): 24-34.
Swamikannu, Stanislaus. “Postmodernism.” ACPI Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 2:1061-1066. Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010.
Therukattil, George. “God.” ACPI Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, 1: 575-578. Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2010.
Trocquer, Le R. “God: God in the Modern and Contemporary Thought.” New Catholic Encyclopaedia, 6: 543-545. Washington: The Catholic University of America, 1967.
Valloorean, Augustine. “Thought in Search of God.” The Living Word, 116, n. 2 (March-April 2010): 122-130.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Philosophy Personality of God Essay
  • God and Vision Essay
  • Morality and God Research Paper
  • God and Morality Essay
  • God and Philosophy Essay
  • Essay about Philosophy
  • Philosophy and God Essay
  • Essay about Philosophy

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free