1. Describe the economic characteristics of the global motor vehicle industry. The characteristics of the global motor vehicle industry are a boom in certain places and a bust in others all due to economic conditions in different nations. Four years after tow of Detroit Michigan’s big three went into bankruptcy American car makers are going “full throttle” with sales in August hitting an annual rate that if substantiated can take them back over 16 million and that is a rate that was last hit before the economic crisis and 80% higher than 2009 when GM and Chrysler went into bankruptcy. The opposite is happening in Europe being in its sixth year slump now and with a weak economy, high petroleum prices and an aging population being weighing factors on mass market car makers. This has led to cost cutting and over capacity for European car makers. This seems to be a trend worldwide as well as car makers are depending on there luxury brands to make them profitable. Tata has seen a profit due to Jaguar and Land Rover surging there net sales up 71% to 566 million dollars and raising revenues 31% to 568.82 billion rupees. This came dispute as the company said “a weak operating environment in the India business which was more than offset by increasing wholesale volumes and richer product and market mixes at JLR”. This is similar to Renault depending on Nissan and sales of cars produced in low cost factories in Romania to cover domestic losses. Mercedes and BMW are generating healthy profits but Volkswagen despite having a leading European market share relies on Audi for 60% of there profits. This is the same story for Tata as Mahantesh Sabarad, an analyst at Fortune Financial Services India Ltd. Stated that JLR is driving more than 100% of the profit while the parent is incurring losses. 2. What are the key success factors for a successful firm in the global motor vehicle industry. I believe the first key factor for a successful firm in the global motor vehicle industry is to have sustainable practices be it the wages they pay, dealer networks, or operating cheap effective factories to produce high selling luxury cars at an affordable rate. The next factor is to have a quality, compelling products that innovate and capture the customers attention. This is clear in that while people are statistically staying away from buying a car in exchange for public transportation especially in England, that luxury cars are selling well in worldwide poor economies. I would say the next factor is to create cars to sell to the U.S. market. Take the foreign market for example where the Ford focus in the United states is a clear C list car that isn’t that desirable is a great seller in countries like Germany where it is highly desired. The third factor is public perception. Auto makers must capture the public attention for sales, not just make the “best” or cheapest car. For years in America we have an opinion that due to the bailout for example that foreign cars are better and as such seek out Mercedes, Audi, BMW, Jaguar etc. and not a Cadillac. We seen this with GM who was trying to sell the ponaic G8 that was half the cost of European performance sedans and was a failure in the U.S. despite being one of GM's most exciting cars ever made for the market. The forth factor would be to study the market carefully. Motor vehicle companies must compete globally to make a living and as such must examine the growing markets worldwide and examine what cars sell and what customers want to see in the future of automobiles. In summery take Japan for example in that operational efficiency, product differentiation and customer satisfaction were key factors in the success of Japanese automakers. Localization also played an important role in capturing market share. All of these factors show the changing dynamics of the global automotive industry. 3. What are Tata Motors' internal strengths and weaknesses? Identify competencies that the company's major...
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