In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the world outside represents the world of forms and the shadows on the wall represent the objects in the physical world. When one of the prisoners escape he witnesses enlightment and realizes that forms are the actual reality. Plato was trying to explain that most people in the real world are like the prisoners. They believe that the “shadows” are reality, whereas the philosophers are like the prisoner who escapes, they have seen the real world and have true knowledge. Plato is basically saying that knowledge is a hard thing to be taught and it is very hard to find a person who can teach you knowledge without you being completely determined in finding it.
In Bacon’s Four Idols, he talks about four natural tendencies people believe. The four idols are, idols of the tribe, idols of the cave, idols of the marketplace, and idols of the theatre. In the first Idol, Idols of the tribe, he basically states that people’s beliefs are based off of what they were raised with. Basically, what I got out of the idol of the tribe is that, say you were raised with parents who are Christian or Mormon or maybe even racists. If your parents raised you as a Christian you are more than likely going to die being a Christian.
The second idol, the idol of the cave, a den was the symbol, it represented the minds of individuals. The idol of the cave meant that every individual has their own way of seeing things. Since all men and women are unique in their own way their opinion will be as unique as themselves.
The Idol of the marketplace is the third idol. The idol of the marketplace was the most confusing to me at first. I had to read it a few times until I finally understood. The idol of the marketplace represents the incorrect use of grammar. People often use a word incorrectly in a sentence which cause mistakes to rise in reaction to the false defintions of words we have been taught.
The final idol is,
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