the effects of modern technology to the study habits of 1st year psychology students in rtu

Topics: Digital, E-book, Technology Pages: 6 (1671 words) Published: October 2, 2014
CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

This chapter presents the series of local, foreign literature and studies to the present study that cast off brightness to induce mental clarity in the investigation of problem raised.

Conceptual Literature
The main purpose of Education is to mold each personalities and instinctual interest that enhance the ability to perform in a certain society. Although education is acquired not only inside the school setting, still the school is considered the best and standard place to where a person could seek effective strategy of teaching essential in shaping goal and interest. Those teaching strategies are provided by the teachers who have the abundance of knowledge to the theories of learning as well as the cognitive psychology which pertaining to how learners process information which is also essentials for teachers to determine the learning style of their students. The fact that learning always involves motivation, every student has its different kinds of study habits as a reason of putting his life inside the school.

Mobile Devices
"The study proves that mobile devices and technology have changed the traditional college experience and the role technology plays in students' academic abilities and success," said Jessica Nelson of CourseSmart. "Today's students are truly carrying a digital backpack." The study found that 98 percent of students now own a digital device, and 27 percent of students listed a laptop as the most important item in their bag. Eleven percent of students said their cell phone was the most important item in their bag. Students also say technology makesstudying more efficient; 85 percent of the survey respondents said technology saved them time when studying--an average of two hours per day. Digital devices and media are finding use in almost every aspect of academic life, including writing papers (82 percent), conducting research (81 percent), taking notes in class (70 percent) and making class presentations (65 percent). And it's not just students who are making use of digital technologies in and out of the classroom. Professors are also increasingly using digital media to enhance the courses they teach. "The survey found that both students and faculty are utilizing technology to communicate more effectively," CourseSmart's Nelson said. "Ninety-seven percent of students reported receiving digital class materials from their professor and students reported checking an average of three different digital devices each day, proving that both groups are technologically savvy." "Last semester, I took a speech language development course and for every class the professor had PowerPoint presentations that she would send out to us through Blackboard, which is the way the professors communicate with us," said Nicole Fitting of Brooklyn, New York. Fitting is pursuing a master's degree in Speech Language Pathology from Brooklyn College. "The really cool thing was that we were in the computer lab for the class, so we were able to go to a few Web sites to listen to the different sounds that people make in different languages." Fitting said she often uses her smartphone to pull up the slides provided by her professor so she can study whenever she has a few moments of downtime throughout her day.

E-Learning
Fitting is also pursuing some of her degree prerequisites through e-learning with the University of Iowa. She is currently taking a course on anatomy and physiology for speech and hearing. Describing herself as a visual and auditory learner, Fitting said there are advantages to taking the lecture-based course online. "The thing that I like about having the lectures online is that I'm able to play them over and over again," she explained. "If I didn't quite catch something, I'm able to go back and listen to it later." She added that the professor is able to pull PowerPoint presentations, Internet sources and even Flash movies into his lectures and integrate them...
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