PHL – 101
Unattainable state of Perfection
“Dictatorship naturally arises out of democracy, and the most aggravated form of tyranny and slavery out of the most extreme liberty.”
Plato, as we all know, was an apprentice of Socrates, and the pedagogue of Aristotle. He has many works of literature on subjects like justice, beauty, equality, political philosophy, and theology. Plato had similar views to his teacher and students, but also argued against them in subjects like theology and truth. Plato had many arguments against ancient philosophers in various subjects of intellectual thought, but he even argued against himself on the ideal state of society in one of his greatest works: the Republic. He made a clear perspective on what he believed to be the most productive society. He explained what he thought could produce the most affective individuals for every aspect of society through selecting roles based on proven talent. Plato did not just give his perspective on the ideal society, but he also gave a clear reason on why the society he speaks of is unattainable; thus, being an augment against his own work. We will explore the functions of this perspective from Plato, and why he believed that the ideal society that he suggests is unattainable.
Plato made it clear that he thought the construction of a society as a whole was natural. He explained how man is naturally social and political in nature, and this is a result of our rational thought process. The creation of any society starts to develop because of our natural way of wanting to obtain a good life, and that the good life should be equal for all. Furthermore, Plato did not believe freedom to be a goal that a productive society should want to reach; nor did he believe it is a strategy for a good or strong economy. He ultimately described Justice to be what every society should surround its structure upon. In addition, he even went as far to say that the society is not...
References: Theory of Forms; (N.D.)/ Plato and the Theory of Forms; philosophical society.com, http://www.philosophicalsociety.com/Archives/Plato%20And%20The%20Theory%20Of%20Forms.htm#I. Theory of Forms
Smith, Allhoff, Vaidya; (2008). Ancient Philosophy, Essential Readings with Commentary; Blackwell Readings in the History of Philosophy.
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