When there prevails high level if dubiety due to intricacy or brisk changes, it becomes difficult to predict the external environmental that might affective the firm’s strategies. Thus scenario analysis is done to evaluate the likely views to predict the organizations future business environment (Heijiden, 2006). In order to reach this conclusion PESTEL analysis is done to identity the key drivers of change that can be used to predict the scenarios for the future. PESTEL stands for political, economical, social, technological, environmental and legal and forms of analysis of the macro-environment of the organization (Thomas, 2007). Political factors
Political factors highlight the probable government laws and regulations, security measures and restrictions that can apply to the industry as a whole. The probable factors that affect the automobile industry are: 1. Laws and regulations had affected the automobile industry since its outburst. These laws generally revolved around the environmental norms that were to be fulfilled by any car industry. Thus the car manufacturers had to take care of the environmental issues during manufacturing of cars. 2. Taxes and government foreign policies are critical for the automobile industry. The foreign policies help to us decide the probability of success in the global market. 3. Introduction of new schemes in the US and Europe automobile industry wherein regulations led to produce high mileage cars along with increase in automobile sales and production (Hill, 2008).
Economical factors related to the exchange rates, economic growth globally and the business setting prevailing in the industry. Economic factors for the industry are: a) There was excess capacity of cars produced thus giving rise to high amount of revenue in marketing and new product designs. Thus there was lot of revenue withheld even though demand was less than supply. For example the UK auto market had excess 80% capacity in 2003 which freeze 1.3 billion euro of the automobile industry (autofacts, 2004). b) Total increase in the GDP globally from 2.0% to 3.1% in the year 2008 (statistics, 2008). c) Decrease in the exchange rate if euro has hampered the European car makers in a big way (Allen, 2006). d) Economic downturn in the US market (Copper, 2008) e) Surplus capital and buying power in the developing economies like India and China and their personal emergence in the global market place.
Social factors include the changes in cultures and demo graphics globally apart from change in buying pattern and capacity of the consumer. Social factors having an impact on the auto industry are: Changes in the customer predilection from car being a status symbol to fuel efficiency and low emission cars. Changes in buying pattern of the consumers due to recession in mature markets. Environmental issues and awareness of the harmful emissions through automobiles
Increase in use of technology to gain a clear competitive ad vantage Use of new and sophisticated design to overcome the decreased margins in the industry. Modifications or restriction on technology causing environmental pollution Environmental factors
Increasing effect if awareness of global warning, greenhouse effect and burnout among patrons (organization, 2008) Shift in consumer’s tastes and preferences towards use of more eco-friendly cars, hybrid cars, fuel cell cars etc. Stern application of the EURO norms set up to curb pollution in developing countries. Legal factors
Restrictions and strict pollution norms set up in European and US markets Strict implications of the EURO norms in developing countries e,g, formation of BHARAT norms on the lines of EURO norms in India(CEN, 2006) PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS
Threats of new entrants:
Threat of new entrant is dependent on the challenges faces during entry into the industry or entry barriers. The threat of new...
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